Breast imaging commonly includes ultrasound and mammography. Imaging can help detect calcifications, architectural distortions and nodules. If your doctor identifies suspicious lesions, tissue sampling would be recommended for further investigation.
Fine needle aspiration and Core Biopsy are common methods for breast intervention.
Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA): The doctor uses a fine needle to directly puncture the breast to take cell samples, just likely taking blood. These cells would be sent to the pathologist to look under the microscope.
Core biopsy can extract more tissue and can distinguish whether cancer cells are invasive or not. Local anaesthesia would be injected into the breast and a tiny 2mm incision wound would be made. A special "core" needle would be used to take 2-3 tissue samples. These would be sent to the pathologist to examine under a microscope.